Of all the phytonutrients, the most known about are carotenoids, the red, orange, and yellow pigments in fruits and vegetables. The carotenoids most commonly found in vegetables (and in plasma) are listed below along with common sources of these compounds. Fruits and vegetables that are high in carotenoids appear to protect humans against certain cancers, heart disease, and age-related macular degeneration.
Carotenoid Common Food Source
beta-carotene leafy green and yellow vegetables (eg. broccoli, sweet potato, pumpkin, carrots, moringa Leaf)
beta-cryptoxanthin citrus, peaches, apricots
lutein leafy greens such as kale, spinach, turnip greens,
lycopene tomato products, pink grapefruit, watermelon, guava *
Eggs, citrus, green vegetables.