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About Polyphenols


Polyphenolic compounds are natural components of a wide variety of plants; they are also known as secondary plant metabolites. Food sources rich in polyphenols include onion, apple, tea, red wine, red grapes, grape juice, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, cranberries, and certain nuts. The average polyphenol/ flavonoid intake in the U.S. has not been determined with precision, in large part, because there is presently no U.S. national food database for these compounds (USDA scientists and their colleagues are in the process of developing a database for foods rich in polyphenols). Scientists at the Food Composition Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center are currently developing new methodology for the accurate measurement of polyphenols in foods. Polyphenols can be classified as nonflavonoids and flavonoids. The flavonoids quercetin and catechins are the most extensively studied polyphenols relative to absorption and metabolism.

Nonflavonoids Sources
Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries

Flavonoids Sources
anthocyanins Fruits
catechins tea, wine
flavanones citrus
flavones Fruits and vegetables
flavonols Fruits, vegetables, tea, wine
isoflavones soybeans

How do phytonutrients protect against disease?
The following are commonly proposed mechanisms by which phytonutrients may protect human health. More research is needed to firmly establish the mechanisms of action of the various phytochemicals.

Phytonutrients may:
Serve as antioxidants
Enhance immune response
Enhance cell-to-cell communication
Alter estrogen metabolism
Convert to vitamin A (beta-carotene is metabolized to vitamin A)
Cause cancer cells to die (apoptosis)
Repair DNA damage caused by smoking and other toxic exposures
Detoxify carcinogens through the activation of the cytocrome P450 and phase II enzyme systems

Moringa Leaf™ has gram for gram
7 times the vitamin C in oranges
4 times the vitamin A in carrots
4 times the calcium in milk (with no lactose)
3 times the potassium in bananas
2 times the protein in yogurt
Most powerful of all anti-oxidants
Promotes healthy veins and arteries
Anti-inflammatory agents
Anti-aging compounds.
Collagen (helps maintain healthy skin)
Chlorophyll
Natural healer
Rejuvenates the body at the cellular level
Strengthens the immune system
Naturally cleanses the body of toxins
reduces the ph level of the body